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08:52 am: Могилев-Подольский
My paternal grandfather, Louis L, came to the US from the Ukraine as a teenager, about the time of the Russian Revolution. I heard very little about his life before that, other than that his family lived in a town called Mogilev Podolsk. He didn't want to talk about the Ukraine.
I know that his family fled the Pogroms, was smuggled across the Dnestr river, made their way to England, and got shipped to Ellis Island.

Iris and I were discussing our move to Germany, and she asked if I wanted to visit Mogolev Podolsk. She reads Russian and figured out that it's Russian name is Могилев-Подольский, Mohyliv-Podilskyi. We found it on Google Maps, and it is 'only' 1000 miles away. It looks much more like a sprawled-out industrial town and less like an ancestral home than I had anticipated. I don't think we will visit, but I did look it up on wikipedia.ru (the Russian languge version of Wikipedia) Here is a version of that page, with a rough autotranslation by Google Translate.  There is a large section on the rise and fall of the town's Jewish population. Here is the part most relevant to my grandfather:

Since 1796, Mogilev-Podolsky - the town of Podolsk province. In 1808 the father and the son of D. and J. Stein, T. moved from Slopkovits in Mogilev-Podolsky his publisher of books in Hebrew. Publisher operated until 1819, producing 24 books. In 1847 in Mogilev-Podolsky 5411 Jews lived, in 1897 - 12 344 Jews (55,3% of the population). In 1867, in Mogilev-Podolsk operated 16 synagogues and prayer houses in the 1851-74 biennium. there was a Jewish state college. Among the Jews there were many artisans and merchants.

Mogilev-Podolsky there were six Jewish male and female school, Talmud Torah, a synagogue, and 17 houses of prayer, the Jewish Hospital. October 1905, the city has a Jewish pogrom. In the period from mid-19 century. of 1927, rabbis of Mogilev-Podolsky were representatives of the well-known rabbinical dynasty hasidskoy Bull. The last rabbi of the family in Mogilev-Podolsky was S. I. Bull (1883-1971) in the 1921-27 biennium.

During the civil war in Russia in the 1917-21 period Jews had suffered greatly from the action of changing the authorities.. In December 1917, in Mogilev-Podolsk Massacre took place, arranged by soldiers of the Polish Corps Yu Dovbor-Musnitskogo. In autumn 1918, during the pogrom lasted for three days, which is organized by the Armed Forces of Southern Russia. To stop the pogrom, the Jews had to pay a large contribution.
 

No wonder he didn't like to talk about his childhood. Things got even worse during WWII, and not much better after that, and there are not many Jews left in that area.


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